Measurement of heat losses during solidification of light metals
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This paper describes the application of a new in-cavity thermal measurement method to determine the heat flux and calculate heat losses during high pressure die casting of aluminium A380 alloy and the magnesium alloy AZ91-D. Thermal management of the die is a critical concern in high pressure die casting and the development of microstructures after solidification. Detailed measurements were performed using infra-red probes linked to pyrometric chains and thermocouple arrays that accurately determine both casting and die surface temperatures enabling the determination of heat flux densities and interfacial heat transfer coefficients and the rapid evolution of these values with time during high pressure die casting of these alloys. The energy losses during the spray cycle can then be determined by integrating the heat flux curves for the duration of the spray application. The significance of the findings presented in this investigation arise from the uniqueness of the measurement methods applied to the determination of heat flux during the high pressure die casting of both magnesium and aluminium alloys. In particular the detailed knowledge of the thermal characteristics occurring at the cavity fill stages of the die casting process achieved through the selection of an array of fine rapid-response thermocouples integrated in one sensor along with the light pipe/pyrometric chain have enabled the accurate measurement of both the die and metal surface temperatures through the entire die casting cycle enabling the calculation of heat losses during solidification and processing.
International Journal of Modern Physics B
Title as entered by author: Measurement of heat losses during solidification of light metals
Solid State Chemistry
Physical Chemistry of Materials