Impact of rainfall fluctuations and temperature variations on people movement in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Time Series Analysis of data from Somalia and Ethiopia
MetadataShow full item record
Water is highly critical for the existence of humans and other living organisms as well as for all sorts of life. Agriculture needs water to produce crops and manufacturing industries need it for producing products and services. Water is immensely critical for energy production and needed in the balance and sustainability of ecosystem. There has been a considerable rainfall variations that impacted water availability in Somalia and Ethiopia. Equally, temperature variations have also played a major role in the everyday life of Somalis and Ethiopians. Together the rainfall fluctuations and temperature variations have been attributed to climate change. The effects of these issues on people movements away from rural to urban have had little attention in recent times. This paper addresses the impact of climate change variables on rural - urban migration in both Somalia and Ethiopia. More specifically, we use time series analysis to examine the interactions between the rural-urban migration, rainfall and temperature. We model the multivariate data using ARIMA and VAR models; this is to first conduct univariate analyses for the purpose of predictions, and secondly to understand the nature of interactions and dependencies by conducting multivariate VAR analysis. This study determines the most appropriate ARIMA models of rural migration, urban migration rainfall and temperature of Somalia and Ethiopia as presented in Table 2. Both ARIMA and VAR analyses have produced relatively good models that are statistically significant and perform well in making short term predictions; a 10 year period of annual forecast of rural and urban migration as well as rainfall and temperature of Somalia and Ethiopia were carried out. Then univariate and multivariate analyses have showed that climate change factors such as “rainfall” and “temperature” variations have a combined granger effect on people migration in both rural and urban areas in both countries; in fact temperature variations have a significant impact (5% and 10%) on urban and rural migrations respectively. Climate change effects appear to be driving the migration from rural to urban. This is also compounding the international migration out of the African continent that is noted in Europe, Asia and even Australia.
22nd International Congress on Modelling and Simulation: Managing cumulative risks through model-based processes (MODSIM2017)
© 2017 Modellling & Simulation Society of Australia & New Zealand. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. For information about this conference please refer to the conference’s website or contact the author(s).
Environmental Impact Assessment
Numerical and Computational Mathematics not elsewhere classified