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dc.contributor.authorEakin, C Mark
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, Jessica A
dc.contributor.authorHeron, Scott F
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Tyler B
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Gang
dc.contributor.authorAlvarez-Filip, Lorenzo
dc.contributor.authorBaca, Bart
dc.contributor.authorBartels, Erich
dc.contributor.authorBastidas, Carolina
dc.contributor.authorBouchon, Claude
dc.contributor.authorBrandt, Marilyn
dc.contributor.authorBruckner, Andrew W
dc.contributor.authorBunkley-Williams, Lucy
dc.contributor.authorCameron, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorCausey, Billy D
dc.contributor.authorChiappone, Mark
dc.contributor.authorChristensen, Tyler RL
dc.contributor.authorCrabbe, M James C
dc.contributor.authorDay, Owen
dc.contributor.authorde la Guardia, Elena
dc.contributor.authorDiaz-Pulido, Guillermo
dc.contributor.authorDiResta, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorGil-Agudelo, Diego L
dc.contributor.authorGilliam, David S
dc.contributor.authorGinsburg, Robert N
dc.contributor.authorGore, Shannon
dc.contributor.authorGuzman, Hector M
dc.contributor.authorHendee, James C
dc.contributor.authorHernandez-Delgado, Edwin A
dc.contributor.authorHusain, Ellen
dc.contributor.authorJeffrey, Christopher FG
dc.contributor.authorJones, Ross J
dc.contributor.authorJordan-Dahlgren, Eric
dc.contributor.authorKaufman, Les S
dc.contributor.authorKline, David I
dc.contributor.authorKramer, Philip A
dc.contributor.authorLang, Judith C
dc.contributor.authorLirman, Diego
dc.contributor.authorMallela, Jennie
dc.contributor.authorManfrino, Carrie
dc.contributor.authorMarechal, Jean-Philippe
dc.contributor.authorMarks, Ken
dc.contributor.authorMihaly, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorMiller, W Jeff
dc.contributor.authorMueller, Erich M
dc.contributor.authorMuller, Erinn M
dc.contributor.authorOrozco Toro, Carlos A
dc.contributor.authorOxenford, Hazel A
dc.contributor.authorPonce-Taylor, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorQuinn, Norman
dc.contributor.authorRitchie, Kim B
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez Ramirez, Alberto
dc.contributor.authorRomano, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorSamhouri, Jameal F
dc.contributor.authorSanchez, Juan A
dc.contributor.authorSchmahl, George P
dc.contributor.authorShank, Burton V
dc.contributor.authorSkirving, William J
dc.contributor.authorSteiner, Sascha CC
dc.contributor.authorVillamizar, Estrella
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, Sheila M
dc.contributor.authorWalter, Cory
dc.contributor.authorWeil, Ernesto
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Ernest H
dc.contributor.authorRoberson, Kimberly Woody
dc.contributor.authorYusuf, Yusri
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T12:39:36Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T12:39:36Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0013969
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/35773
dc.description.abstractThe rising temperature of the world's oceans has become a major threat to coral reefs globally as the severity and frequency of mass coral bleaching and mortality events increase. In 2005, high ocean temperatures in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean resulted in the most severe bleaching event ever recorded in the basin. Methodology/Principal Findings Satellite-based tools provided warnings for coral reef managers and scientists, guiding both the timing and location of researchers' field observations as anomalously warm conditions developed and spread across the greater Caribbean region from June to October 2005. Field surveys of bleaching and mortality exceeded prior efforts in detail and extent, and provided a new standard for documenting the effects of bleaching and for testing nowcast and forecast products. Collaborators from 22 countries undertook the most comprehensive documentation of basin-scale bleaching to date and found that over 80% of corals bleached and over 40% died at many sites. The most severe bleaching coincided with waters nearest a western Atlantic warm pool that was centered off the northern end of the Lesser Antilles. Conclusions/Significance Thermal stress during the 2005 event exceeded any observed from the Caribbean in the prior 20 years, and regionally-averaged temperatures were the warmest in over 150 years. Comparison of satellite data against field surveys demonstrated a significant predictive relationship between accumulated heat stress (measured using NOAA Coral Reef Watch's Degree Heating Weeks) and bleaching intensity. This severe, widespread bleaching and mortality will undoubtedly have long-term consequences for reef ecosystems and suggests a troubled future for tropical marine ecosystems under a warming climate.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.format.extent707442 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto9
dc.relation.ispartofissue11
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPloS One
dc.relation.ispartofvolume5
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAgricultural and Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode079999
dc.titleCaribbean Corals in Crisis: Record Thermal Stress, Bleaching, and Mortality in 2005
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://www.plos.org/journals/license.html
gro.rights.copyright© 2010 Eakin, et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CCAL. (http://www.plos.org/journals/license.html)
gro.date.issued2014-10-10T00:59:43Z
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorDiaz-Pulido, Guillermo


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