DFS generated pathways in GA crossover for protein structure prediction
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Genetic algorithms (GAs), as nondeterministic conformational search techniques, are promising for solving protein structure prediction (PSP) problems. The crossover operator of a GA can underpin the formation of potential conformations by exchanging and sharing potential sub-conformations. However, as the optimum PSP conformation is usually compact, the crossover operation may result in many invalid conformations (by having non-self-avoiding walks). Although a crossover-based converging conformation suffers from limited pathways, combining it with depth-first search (DFS) can partially reveal potential pathways and make an invalid crossover valid and successful. Random conformations are frequently applied for maintaining diversity as well as for initialization in many GA applications. The random-move-only-based conformation generator has exponential time complexity in generating random conformations, whereas the DFS-based random conformation generator has linear time complexity and performs relatively faster. We have performed extensive experiments using popular 2D, as well as useful 3D, models to justify our hypothesis empirically.
© 2010 Elsevier B.V. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified