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dc.contributor.authorCao, Qimingen_US
dc.contributor.authorYu, Jimmyen_US
dc.contributor.authorConnell, Desen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T14:17:15Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T14:17:15Z
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.date.modified2011-02-02T06:55:11Z
dc.identifier.issn00489697en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.08.059en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/35932
dc.description.abstractA fugacity based model was applied to simulate the distribution of three endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), namely estrone (E1), 17߭estradiol (E2) and 17a-ethynylestradiol (EE2) in a reservoir receiving recycled wastewater in Australia. At typical conditions, the majority of estrogens were removed by degradation in the water compartment. A sensitivity analysis found that the simulated concentrations of E1, E2 and EE2 were equally sensitive to the parameters of temperature (T), reservoir water volume (V) and equivalent biomass concentration (EBC), but E1 was more sensitive to estrogen concentration in the recycled water (Ce) and recycling rate (Fr). In contrast, all three estrogens were not sensitive to reservoir water releasing rate (Fd). Furthermore, a probabilistic health risk assessment showed that the simulated concentrations were below fish exposure threshold value (ETV) and human public health standard (PHS). Human equivalent dose of EDCs from fish consumption was about 10 times higher than that from drinking water consumption. The highest risk quotient among the three estrogens was found for EE2 with less than 9.5 נ10-2, implying negligible health risks.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationYen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom6243en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto6250en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue24en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalScience of the Total Environmenten_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume408en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Engineering Modellingen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode090702en_US
dc.titleFate simulation and risk assessment of endocrine disrupting chemicals in a reservoir receiving recycled wastewateren_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Environmenten_US
gro.date.issued2010
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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