Bis[2-(2,4-dinitrobenzyl)pyridinium] biphenyl-4,4'-disulfonate trihydrate
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In the structure of the title salt, 2C12H10N3O4+烱2H8O6S22-糈2O, determined at 173 K, the biphenyl-4,4'-disulfonate dianions lie across crystallographic inversion centres with the sulfonate groups interacting head-to-head through centrosymmetric cyclic bis(water)-bridged hydrogen-bonding associations [graph set R44(11)], forming chains. The 2-(2,4-dinitrobenzyl)pyridinium cations are linked to these chains through pyridinium-water N-HO hydrogen bonds and a two-dimensional network is formed through water bridges between sulfonate and 2-nitro O atoms, while the structure also has weak cation-anion - aromatic ring interactions [minimum ring centroid separation = 3.8441 (13) ŝ.
Acta Crystallographica. Section E: Structure Reports Online
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Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy