Pyrazolo(3,4-d)Pyrimidines and adenosine receptors: a structure/activity study
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Pyrazolopyrimidines are a general class of compounds which exhibit Aj adenosine receptor affmity. A number of pyrazolo(3,4-d)pyrimidine analogues of isoguanosine and i-methylisoguanosine has been synthesised. All compounds were tested forAi adenosine receptor affinity using a (311) R-PIA competitive binding assay. The N-i and N-5 positions were substituted with a number of different ailcyl and aryi groups. 3-Chiorophenyl substitution of the N-i position and butyl substitution of the N-5 position greatly enhanced the overall adenosine receptor affinity. Substitution by a methyl group at the N-7 position fixed the C-4 position in the imino tautomeric form. This resulted in a marked reduction in activity. The substitution of the N-2 position with a phenyl group produced an analogue with a similar structure to i,3-dipropyl-8-(2-amino-4-chlorophenyl)xanthine (PACPX). A 2-phenyl substituent was favourable for interaction with the adenosine receptor. A number of pyrazolo(3,4-d)pyrirnidine analogues of 4,6-bis-a-carbamoylethylthio-i-phenylthiopyrazolo(3,4-d)pyrinhidine (DJB-KK) has also been synthesised and tested for Aj adenosine receptor affinity. 4,6-Bis-alkylthio-1-phenylpyrazolo(3,4-d)pyrimidines with a-carbamoylethyl and u-carbamoylpropyi groups were compared. The additional methyiene of the a-carbamoylpropyl group produced increased adenosine receptor affinity. 6-a-Carbamoylethylthio-4-mercapto-1-phenylpyrazolo(3,4-d)pyrimidine and 4-cc-carbamoylethylthio- i-phenylpyrazolo(3,4-dlpyrimidine were compared. Substitution of the C-6 position maintained activity, while substitution of the C-4 reduced activity.
Thesis (PhD Doctorate)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Division of Science and Technology
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