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dc.contributor.advisorChu, Cordia
dc.contributor.authorMa, Wenjun
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-23T02:32:05Z
dc.date.available2018-01-23T02:32:05Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.doi10.25904/1912/1704
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/366684
dc.description.abstractMany studies have demonstrated significant impacts of weather variation on population health in developed countries. In the last decade, there are some similar studies from China focusing on a single city or a small number of cities. However, those studies could not depict a holistic picture of temperature variation on health in China because they only included too small samples and regions. This study aims to comprehensively assess the association between temperature variation and mortality in China, and further explore the modification factors of the association. At national level, mortality data and meteorological data during 2006-2011 were collected from 66 communities across China. In Guangdong Province, we collected relevant data from 4 cities. We used a Distributed Lag Non-linear Model(DLNM) to estimate community-specific effects of temperature on non-accidental mortality. A meta-analysis was then applied to pool the estimates of community-specific effects. The key findings from this study are: (1) A U-shaped relationship was observed between ambient temperature and mortality in China. The overall threshold was at about the 75th percentile of the pooled temperature distribution in China. Cold effect was delayed and persisted, whereas hot effect was acute. (2) Mortality effect of ambient temperature varies geographically. Compared with north China, south China had a higher minimum mortality temperature (MMT), and there was a larger cold effect in the more southern parts of China and a more pronounced hot effect in more northern parts. (3) Except for absolute temperature, temperature fluctuations such as temperature change within a day and temperature change between neighboring days are also independent risk factors of daily mortality. (4) Extreme weather events such as heat wave and cold spell significantly increase mortality risk in China. The main effects of heat wave due to high temperature were greater than the added effects on the current day due to prolonged heat for several consecutive days. (5) The elderly, people with chronic diseases and people living in densely populated communities are vulnerable population to ambient temperature variation in China.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherGriffith University
dc.publisher.placeBrisbane
dc.rights.copyrightThe author owns the copyright in this thesis, unless stated otherwise.
dc.subject.keywordsMortality, China
dc.subject.keywordsHealth, Effect of weather on, China
dc.subject.keywordsDistributed Lag Non-linear Model(DLNM)
dc.titleShort-Term Effects of Ambient Temperature Variation on Mortality in China
dc.typeGriffith thesis
gro.facultyScience, Environment, Engineering and Technology
gro.description.notepublicPhD by Publication
gro.rights.copyrightThe author owns the copyright in this thesis, unless stated otherwise.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
dc.contributor.otheradvisorRutherford, Shannon
dc.contributor.otheradvisorBaum, Scott
dc.rights.accessRightsPublic
gro.identifier.gurtIDgu1488511719791
gro.source.ADTshelfnoADT0
gro.source.GURTshelfnoGURT
gro.thesis.degreelevelThesis (PhD Doctorate)
gro.thesis.degreeprogramDoctor of Philosophy by Publication (PhD)
gro.departmentGriffith School of Environment
gro.griffith.authorMa, Marvin


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