Towards a Paradoxical Description Logic for the Semantic Web
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As a vision for the future of the Web, the Semantic Web is an open, constantly changing and collaborative environment. Hence it is reasonable to expect that knowledge sources in the SemanticWeb contain noise and inaccuracies. However, as the logical foundation of Ontology Web Language in the Semantic Web, description logics fail to tolerate inconsistent information. The study of inconsistency handling in description logics is an important issue in the SemanticWeb. One major approach to inconsistency handling is based on so-called paraconsistent reasoning, in which standard semantics is refined so that inconsistencies can be tolerated. Four-valued description logics are not satisfactory for the Semantic Web in that its reasoning is a bit far from standard semantics. In this paper, we present a paraconsistent description logic called paradoxical description logic, which is based on a three-valued semantics. Compared to existing paraconsistent description logics, our approach is more suitable for dealing with inconsistent ontologies in that paraconsistent reasoning under our semantics provides a better approximation to the standard reasoning. An important result in this paper is that we propose a sound and complete tableau for paradoxical description logics.
6th International Symposium : Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems Proceedings
Copyright 2010 Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com