The Measure of a Man: Relationships Between Masculinities, Risk-Taking and the Determinants of Health
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Gender is defined as the socially constructed roles, behaviours, attributes and attitudes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women (WHO, 2012). Men's health behaviours are influenced by their perceptions of masculinity, and these perceptions are shaped by hegemonic gender stereotypes (Connell, 1995). Cultural expectations are assumed to place men under pressure to validate their manliness, through risk-taking behaviours, which have negative implications for their health (Courtenay, 2000). In Australia, males comprise 49.8% of the population, and their average life expectancy is 79 years, while for women, it is 84 years (AIHW, 2017). Previous analyses have focused heavily on narrow traditional masculine stereotypes, hence there are gaps and weaknesses in existing academic discourses on masculinities (Courtenay, 2000; Mahalik, Burns, & Syzdek, 2007; Mahalik, Lagan, & Morrison, 2006; Mahalik, Levi-Minzi, Micól, 2008). These gaps may also be due to the use of analyses, tools and scales that rely on narrow benchmarks (Bennett, 2015; Wade, 2015).
Master of Music Research (MMusRes)
School of Medical Science
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Traditional masculine stereotypes