Strain Theory and Crime
Despite the plethora of international research supporting anomie and strain theories, comparatively few studies have examined the impact of anomie and strain on crime and delinquency within an Australian or New Zealand context. In this chapter, we detail the historical and contemporary theoretical development of anomie and strain theories. Having focussed on adolescent offending and gender differences in offending, we then review the international and local literature to show the relevance of General Strain Theory (GST) for explaining these issues in the trans-Tasman context. Our review of this literature suggests the applicability of GST to crime and delinquency and speaks to the utility of explicitly testing these mechanisms in Australia and New Zealand.
The Palgrave Handbook of Australian and New Zealand Criminology, Crime and Justice