How can developmental psychopathology influence social and legal policy? Adolescence, mental health, and decision making
This chapter briefly outlines some of the contextual elements that are both risk factors for psychopathology in childhood and adolescence and may represent hindrances to adolescents' beneficial choices. Next, it discusses how adolescents with psychopathology, and externalizing in particular, may be especially ill-equipped for decision making both in antisocial contexts and in the adjudication process. The chapter then provides some starting points for future research in relation to psychopathology and juvenile criminal culpability and legal treatment. It also provides a brief consideration of some of the known familial and parental risk factors in the development of child and adolescent psychopathology, to underscore how these contextual risks place youth with mental health issues in a double bind in terms of problematic outcomes. Finally, the chapter describes how executive function (EF) skills develop across the course of adolescence among normative youth and highlight a burgeoning literature linking deficits in EF to adolescent psychopathology broadly.
The Wiley Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology
Psychology not elsewhere classified