Pleistocene and Holocene rock art of southern Deccan: characteristics, chronology and significance
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The southern Deccan includes the region drained by the river Krishna and its tributaries, in its middle reaches, in Kamataka and Andhra Pradesh, and covers a vast tablel and between the Eastern and Western Ghats. The geological formations of Precambrian age and geomorphological processes operating through time have given rise to a variety of landforms consisting of rocky plateaus, caves, rock shelters and a network of peneplaned surfaces. Within the larger landscape are discrete geological basins known as: (a) Kaladgi, (b) Bhima and (c) Cuddapah (Korisettar 2007). These basins were the most preferred prehistoric habitats to the granite-gneiss province. These basins contain relatively high density of prehistoric settlements that show prolonged continuity and greater endurance. The presence of multitude of prehistoric settlements, of all ages and categories, associated with this mosaic of landforms is unparalleled in the Old World. In the context of our survey of rock art the districts of Bidar, Gulbarga, Belgaum, Bijapur, Bagalkot, the undivided Dharwad and Raichur in .Kamataka, and Mahbubnagar, Kumool, Anantapur and Cuddappah in Andhra Pradesh, constitute the core area with highest density of archaeological and rock art sites. The study of prehistoric rock art in this region has a long tradition, dating from the earliest report of Neolithic sites in the later part of the 19th century and coincides with the first discovery of Neolithic habitation sites (Foote 1887, 1895). The older rock art sites came to be reported from the middle of the zou, century.
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Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas