Using volunteered geographic information to assess park visitation: Comparing three on-line platforms
Worldwide there has been a drastic increase in publicly available volunteered geographic information on social media and websites (Chua et al., 2016, Goodchild, 2007, Sloan and Morgan, 2015). This increase is the result of rapid advancements in technology, such as the availability of handheld Global Positioning System (GPS) devices, including on phones (Burke et al., 2006, Long and Nelson, 2013, Schipperijn et al., 2014), combined with the popularity of posting the resulting data on social media and user shared websites (Ghermandi, 2016, Santos et al., 2016). People often upload data, either through websites or applications, to calculate the distance they have travelled and/or to share with others where they have been and what they have been doing. Such publicly available volunteered geographic information can now be used to assess people's movements across landscapes (Heikinheimo et al., 2017). As a result, the data is increasingly used in urban planning, public health and other areas (Hirsch et al., 2014, Kasemsuppakorn and Karimi, 2013, Long and Nelson, 2013), including monitoring park use in a range of settings (Beeco and Brown, 2013, Campelo and Mendes, 2016, Korpilo et al., 2017, Orsi and Geneletti, 2013, Orsi et al., 2013, Santos et al., 2016, Sessions et al., 2016).
Human Geography not elsewhere classified