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dc.contributor.authorGhafoor, Aamir
dc.contributor.authorJordens, Zoe
dc.contributor.authorRehm, Bernd HA
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-18T08:20:04Z
dc.date.available2018-04-18T08:20:04Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.issn0099-2240
dc.identifier.doi10.1128/AEM.03666-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/373373
dc.description.abstractPseudomonas aeruginosa produces three exopolysaccharides, Psl, Pel, and alginate, that play vital roles in biofilm formation. Pel is a glucose-rich, cellulose-like exopolysaccharide. The essential Pel biosynthesis proteins are encoded by seven genes, pelA to pelG. Bioinformatics analysis suggests that PelF is a cytosolic glycosyltransferase. Here, experimental evidence was provided to support this PelF function. A UDP-glucose dehydrogenase-based assay was developed to quantify UDP-glucose. UDP-glucose was proposed as the substrate for PelF. The isogenic pelF deletion mutant accumulated 1.8 times more UDP-glucose in its cytosol than the wild type. This suggested that PelF, which was found localized in the cystosol, uses UDP-glucose as substrate. Additionally, in vitro experiments confirmed that PelF uses UDP-glucose as substrate. To analyze the functional roles of conserved residues in PelF, site-directed mutagenesis was performed. The presence of the EX7E motif is characteristic for various glycosyltransferase families, and in PelF, E405/E413 are the conserved residues in this motif. Replacement of E405 with A resulted in a reduction of PelF activity to 30.35% ± 3.15% (mean ± standard deviation) of the wild-type level, whereas replacement of the second E, E413, with A did not produce a significant change in the activity of PelF. Moreover, replacement of both E residues did not result in a loss of PelF function, but replacement of the conserved R325 or K330 with A resulted in a complete loss of PelF activity. Overall, our data show that PelF is a soluble glycosyltransferase that uses UDP-glucose as the substrate for Pel synthesis and that conserved residues R325 and K330 are important for the activity of PelF.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom2968
dc.relation.ispartofpageto2978
dc.relation.ispartofissue9
dc.relation.ispartofjournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume79
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060199
dc.titleRole of PelF in Pel Polysaccharide Biosynthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2013 American Society for Microbiology. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorRehm, Bernd


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