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dc.contributor.authorVlek, Paul L. G.
dc.contributor.authorKhamzina, Asia
dc.contributor.authorAzadi, Hossein
dc.contributor.authorBhaduri, Anik
dc.contributor.authorBharati, Luna
dc.contributor.authorBraimoh, Ademola
dc.contributor.authorMartius, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorSunderland, Terry
dc.contributor.authorTaheri, Fatemeh
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-19T22:46:49Z
dc.date.available2018-04-19T22:46:49Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su9122196en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/373427
dc.description.abstractLand provides a host of ecosystem services, of which the provisioning services are often considered paramount. As the demand for agricultural products multiplies, other ecosystem services are being degraded or lost entirely. Finding a sustainable trade-off between food production and one or more of other ecosystem services, given the variety of stakeholders, is a matter of optimizing land use in a dynamic and complex socio-ecological system. Land degradation reduces our options to meet both food demands and environmental needs. In order to illustrate this trade-off dilemma, four representative services, carbon sinks, water storage, biodiversity, and space for urbanization, are discussed here based on a review of contemporary literature that cuts across the domain of ecosystem services that are provided by land. Agricultural research will have to expand its focus from the field to the landscape level and in the process examine the cost of production that internalizes environmental costs. In some situations, the public cost of agriculture in marginal environments outweighs the private gains, even with the best technologies in place. Land use and city planners will increasingly have to address the cost of occupying productive agricultural land or the conversion of natural habitats. Landscape designs and urban planning should aim for the preservation of agricultural land and the integrated management of land resources by closing water and nutrient cycles, and by restoring biodiversity.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom2196-1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto2196-19en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue12en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalSustainability (Switzerland)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume9en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBuilt Environment and Design not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode129999en_US
dc.titleTrade-Offs in Multi-Purpose Land Use under Land Degradationen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.description.versionPublisheden_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US
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