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dc.contributor.authorTilley, Prue
dc.contributor.authorBisset, Leanne
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-23T01:26:56Z
dc.date.available2018-04-23T01:26:56Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn2314-6133
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2017/7640649
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/373615
dc.description.abstractCold pain threshold (CPT) measures an individual’s pain threshold in response to a cold stimulus. CPT is most accurately determined with specialised equipment; however this technology is not readily accessible to clinicians. Instead, ice has been employed to measure CPT. An optimal ice protocol has not yet been identified. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of two CPT protocols using ice in a young, healthy population. Twenty-two participants aged 22.6 (SD 1.81) years underwent CPT measurements over 6 anatomical sites across 3 protocols, which were repeated in 2 sessions. One protocol measured pain (PVAS) following ice applied for a standardised period of 30 seconds; a second protocol measured time to onset of pain, and the reference standard measured CPT using laboratory equipment (TSA-II). The PVAS protocol demonstrated the best reliability (mean ICC 0.783, 95% CI 0.706 to 0.841), but the Timed protocol demonstrated superior validity compared to the reference standard (mean ICC −0.504, 95% CI −0.621 to −0.365).
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherHindawi Publishing
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom7640649-1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto7640649-6
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBioMed Research International
dc.relation.ispartofvolume2017
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchInformation and Computing Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTechnology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110399
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode06
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode08
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode10
dc.titleThe Reliability and Validity of Using Ice to Measure Cold Pain Threshold
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Allied Health Sciences
gro.rights.copyright© 2017 Prue Tilley and Leanne Bisset. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorTilley, Prue L.
gro.griffith.authorBisset, Leanne M.


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