Enhanced gas sensing properties to NO2 of SnO2/rGO nanocomposites synthesized by microwave-assisted gas-liquid interfacial method
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The detection of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is essential for the environment and human health. Tin dioxide (SnO2) based sensors have demonstrated capabilities to detect NO2, while their response, response/recover speed and selectivity are not good enough for their practical applications. To address these issues, the SnO2 nanoparticles doped with reduced graphene oxides (rGO) have been synthesized by using a facile microwave-assisted gas-liquid interfacial solvothermal method in this work. The NO2 sensing performances have been greatly enhanced after the doping of rGO due to the improved electronic conductivity and the formation of the p-n junction in the as-synthesized SnO2/rGO nanocomposites. Moreover, our results demonstrate that the sensors based on the SnO2/(0.3%)rGO nanocomposites (with an average diameter about 10–15 nm) exhibit the best overall performance with the high response of 247.8 to 10 ppm NO2, fast response/recovery speed (39 s/15 s) and the excellent selectivity at the working temperature of 200 ℃. Remarkably, the SnO2/(0.3%)rGO sensors still exhibit a good gas sensing performance to NO2 even at room temperature.