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dc.contributor.authorMcCormack, Gavin R
dc.contributor.authorShiell, Alan
dc.contributor.authorGiles-Corti, Billie
dc.contributor.authorBegg, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorVeerman, J Lennert
dc.contributor.authorGeelhoed, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorAmarasinghe, Anura
dc.contributor.authorEmery, JC Herb
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-02T04:32:20Z
dc.date.available2018-05-02T04:32:20Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.issn1479-5868
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1479-5868-9-92
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/374333
dc.description.abstractBackground: Walking in neighborhood environments is undertaken for different purposes including for transportation and leisure. We examined whether sidewalk availability was associated with participation in, and minutes of neighborhood-based walking for transportation (NWT) and recreation (NWR) after controlling for neighborhood self-selection. Method: Baseline survey data from respondents (n = 1813) who participated in the RESIDential Environment (RESIDE) project (Perth, Western Australia) were used. Respondents were recruited based on their plans to move to another neighborhood in the following year. Usual weekly neighborhood-based walking, residential preferences, walking attitudes, and demographics were measured. Characteristics of the respondent’s baseline neighborhood were measured including transportation-related walkability and sidewalk length. A Heckman two-stage modeling approach (multivariate Probit regression for walking participation, followed by a sample selection-bias corrected OLS regression for walking minutes) estimated the relative contribution of sidewalk length to NWT and NWR. Results: After adjustment, neighborhood sidewalk length and walkability were positively associated with a 2.97 and 2.16 percentage point increase in the probability of NWT participation, respectively. For each 10 km increase in sidewalk length, NWT increased by 5.38 min/wk and overall neighborhood-based walking increased by 5.26 min/wk. Neighborhood walkability was not associated with NWT or NWR minutes. Moreover, sidewalk length was not associated with NWR minutes. Conclusions: Sidewalk availability in established neighborhoods may be differentially associated with walking for different purposes. Our findings suggest that large investments in sidewalk construction alone would yield small increases in walking.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherBioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom92-1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto92-12
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
dc.relation.ispartofvolume9
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPreventive Medicine
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEducation
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111716
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode13
dc.titleThe association between sidewalk length and walking for different purposes in established neighborhoods
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.rights.copyright© 2012 McCormack et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorVeerman, Lennert L.


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