CD169+ macrophages are critical for osteoblast maintenance and promote intramembranous and endochondral ossification during bone repair
MetadataShow full item record
Osteal macrophages (osteomacs) contribute to bone homeostasis and regeneration. To further distinguish their functions from osteoclasts, which share many markers and growth factor requirements, we developed a rapid, enzyme-free osteomac enrichment protocol that permitted characterization of minimally manipulated osteomacs by flow cytometry. Osteomacs differ from osteoclasts in expression of Siglec1 (CD169). This distinction was confirmed using the CD169-diphtheria toxin (DT) receptor (DTR) knock-in model. DT treatment of naïve CD169-DTR mice resulted in selective and striking loss of osteomacs, whilst osteoclasts and trabecular bone area were unaffected. Consistent with a previously-reported trophic interaction, osteomac loss was accompanied by a concomitant and proportionately striking reduction in osteoblasts. The impact of CD169+ macrophage depletion was assessed in two models of bone injury that heal via either intramembranous (tibial injury) or endochondral (internally-plated femoral fracture model) ossification. In both models, CD169+ macrophage, including osteomac depletion compromised bone repair. Importantly, DT treatment in CD169-DTR mice did not affect osteoclast frequency in either model. In the femoral fracture model, the magnitude of callus formation correlated with the number of F4/80+ macrophages that persisted within the callus. Overall these observations provide compelling support that CD169+ osteomacs, independent of osteoclasts, provide vital pro-anabolic support to osteoblasts during both bone homeostasis and repair.
This publication has been entered into Griffith Research Online as an Advanced Online Version.
Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified