Hedge Funds: Attrition, Biases and the Survivor Premium
This chapter examines the Lipper/TASS hedge fund database for the period 1994-2006 and we calculate hedge fund attrition, biases and the survivor premium. We estimate an attrition rate of between 9 to 10.5 per cent per year which is twice the rate reported in mutual fund studies. We measure the various hedge fund biases and we find that database returns is this sample are inflated by as much as 38 per cent. We find that the common characteristic of hedge fund non-survival is chronic poor performance. Finally, we estimate the survivor premium which is the return investors receive if they are skilled or lucky enough to invest exclusively in surviving hedge funds only. After controlling for data biases, we calculate a hedge fund survivor premium of nearly 600 basis points per year, which is twice the size of those reported in mutual fund studies. Finally, we also reveal that the survivor premium increases to 821, 728 and 621 basis points per year when examining funds in the Managed Futures, Global Macro and Long/short Equity Hedge investment categories, respectively.
The Recent Trend of Hedge Fund Strategies