Lateral atlantoaxial joint meniscoid volume in individuals with whiplash associated disorder: A case-control study
Embargoed until: 2019-01-02
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Background: Lateral atlantoaxial (LAA) joints are established sources of nociceptive input in chronic whiplash associated disorder (WAD). These joints contain intra-articular meniscoids that may be damaged in whiplash trauma. LAA joint meniscoid morphology has not been investigated comprehensively in a chronic WAD population, and it is unclear whether morphological differences exist compared to a pain-free population. Objectives: This study examined LAA joint meniscoid volume in individuals with chronic WAD who report pain in a distribution consistent with LAA joint pain. Design: Case-control study. Method: Fourteen individuals with chronic WAD with pain in an LAA joint distribution (mean [SD] age 38.1 [10.8] years; six female) and 14 age- and sex-matched pain-free controls (38.0 [10.5] years) underwent cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging. LAA joint images were inspected for meniscoids; meniscoid volume was calculated in mm3 and as a percentage of articular cavity volume. Symptom duration, location and intensity were recorded. Data were analysed using paired t-tests, Wilcoxon signed-rank testing, Spearman's rank testing, linear and logistic regression (α < 0.05). Results: Ventral and dorsal meniscoids (n = 112) were found in each LAA joint. Greater dorsal meniscoid volume as a percentage of articular cavity volume was associated with higher pain intensity (odds ratio 1.48, p = 0.03; likelihood ratio test chi-square2 = 6.64, p = 0.04), however no significant differences existed between meniscoid volumes of WAD and control participants. Conclusions: Findings indicate a potential link between dorsal LAA joint meniscoid volume and pain, suggesting larger meniscoid size may have pathoanatomical significance in WAD.
Musculoskeletal Science and Practice
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Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified