Cooling load reduction in office buildings of hot-arid climate, combining phase change materials and night purge ventilation
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Night purge ventilation is a well-known passive technique for conserving cooling energy by storing night coolth in the thermal mass of the building fabric. We study the effect of phase change materials (PCM) as a light thermal mass, on the cooling load of a typical office building with HVAC system and night purge ventilation in hot-arid climate. In this paper the proper conditions to start night ventilation and the ventilation rate by fans is determined. Additionally, the effect of melting point temperature of the PCMs on the cooling load of the building is investigated. PCMs with proper melting temperature were applied to various building elements, and to the whole model. It was revealed that, application of PCMs will significantly contribute in reducing the cooling load, except for the floor on the ground, which resulted in an increase of the load.
Building Science and Techniques