Design of three-component vaccines against group A streptococcal infections: importance of spatial arrangement of vaccine components
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Immunological assessment of group A streptococcal (GAS) branched lipopeptides demonstrated the impact of spatial arrangement of vaccine components on both the quality and quantity of their immune responses. Each lipopeptide was composed of three components: a GAS B-cell epitope (J14), a universal CD4+ T-cell helper epitope (P25), and an immunostimulant lipid moiety that differs only in its spatial arrangement. The best systemic immune responses were demonstrated by a lipopeptide featuring the lipid moiety at the lipopeptide C-terminus. However, this candidate did not achieve protection against bacterial challenge. The best protection (100%) was shown by a lipopeptide featuring a C-terminal J14, conjugated through a lysine residue to P25 at the N-terminus, and a lipid moiety on the lysine side chain. The former candidate features a-helical conformation required to produce protective J14-specific antibodies. Our results highlight the importance of epitope orientation and lipid position in the design of three-component synthetic vaccines.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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