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dc.contributor.authorGabric, Albert
dc.contributor.authorMatrai, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorJones, Graham
dc.contributor.authorMiddleton, Julia
dc.description.abstractAccurate estimation of the climate sensitivity requires a better understanding of the nexus between polar marine ecosystem responses to warming, changes in sea ice extent, and emissions of marine biogenic aerosol (MBA). Sea ice brine channels contain very high concentrations of MBA precursors that, once ventilated, have the potential to alter cloud microphysical properties, such as cloud droplet number, and the regional radiative energy balance. In contrast to temperate latitudes, where the pelagic phytoplankton are major sources of MBAs, the seasonal sea ice dynamic plays a key role in determining MBA concentration in both the Arctic and Antarctic. We review the current knowledge of MBA sources and the link between ice melt and emissions of aerosol precursors in the polar oceans. We illustrate the processes by examining decadal-scale time series in various satellite-derived parameters such as aerosol optical depth (AOD), sea ice extent, and phytoplankton biomass in the sea ice zones of both hemispheres. The sharpest gradients in aerosol indicators occur during the spring period of ice melt. In sea ice–covered waters, the peak in AOD occurs well before the annual maximum in biomass in both hemispheres. The results provide strong evidence that suggests seasonal changes in sea ice and ocean biology are key drivers of the polar aerosol cycle. The positive trend in annual-mean Antarctic sea ice extent is now almost one-third of the magnitude of the annual-mean decrease in Arctic sea ice, suggesting the potential for different patterns of aerosol emissions in the future.
dc.publisherAmerican Meteorological Society
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPhysical Geography and Environmental Geoscience not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAstronomical and Space Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAtmospheric Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPhysical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
dc.titleThe Nexus between Sea Ice and Polar Emissions of Marine Biogenic Aerosols
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, School of Environment and Science
gro.rights.copyrightSelf-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this journal. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the author[s] for more information.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorGabric, Albert J.

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