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dc.contributor.authorPeres, Karen G.
dc.contributor.authorCascaes, Andreia Morales
dc.contributor.authorPeres, Marco Aurélio
dc.contributor.authorDemarco, Flᶩo F.
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Ina S.
dc.contributor.authorMatijasevich, Alicia
dc.contributor.authorBarros, Aluisio J. D.
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-27T03:51:00Z
dc.date.available2018-09-27T03:51:00Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn0031-4005
dc.identifier.doi10.1542/peds.2014-3276
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/380593
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: The distinct effect of exclusive and predominant breastfeeding on primary dentition malocclusions is still unclear. We hypothesized that exclusive breastfeeding presents a higher protective effect against malocclusions than predominant breastfeeding and that the use of a pacifier modifies the association between breastfeeding and primary dentition malocclusions. METHODS: An oral health study nested in a birth cohort study was conducted at age 5 years (N = 1303). The type of breastfeeding was recorded at birth and at 3, 12, and 24 months of age. Open bite (OB), crossbite, overjet (OJ), and moderate/severe malocclusion (MSM) were assessed. Poisson regression analyses were conducted by controlling for sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, sucking habits along the life course, dental caries, and dental treatment. RESULTS: Predominant breastfeeding was associated with a lower prevalence of OB, OJ, and MSM, but pacifier use modified these associations. The same findings were noted between exclusive breastfeeding and OJ and between exclusive breastfeeding and crossbite. A lower prevalence of OB was found among children exposed to exclusive breastfeeding from 3 to 5.9 months (33%) and up to 6 months (44%) of age. Those who were exclusively breastfed from 3 to 5.9 months and up to 6 months of age exhibited 41% and 72% lower prevalence of MSM, respectively, than those who were never breastfed. CONCLUSIONS: A common risk approach, promoting exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age to prevent childhood diseases and disorders, should be an effective population strategy to prevent malocclusion.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAmerican Academy of Pediatrics
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrome60
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoe67
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPediatrics
dc.relation.ispartofvolume136
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110599
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode17
dc.titleExclusive Breastfeeding and Risk of Dental Malocclusion
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorDe Anselmo Peres, Marco
gro.griffith.authorGlazer De Anselmo Peres, Karen


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