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dc.contributor.authorGiles, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorEby, Peggyen_US
dc.contributor.authorParry, Hazelen_US
dc.contributor.authorPeel, Alisonen_US
dc.contributor.authorPlowright, Rainaen_US
dc.contributor.authorWestcott, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorMcCallum, Hamishen_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-29T12:40:10Z
dc.date.available2019-05-29T12:40:10Z
dc.date.issued2018en_US
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-018-27859-3en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/381484
dc.description.abstractIn the Australian subtropics, flying-foxes (family Pteropididae) play a fundamental ecological role as forest pollinators. Flying-foxes are also reservoirs of the fatal zoonosis, Hendra virus. Understanding flying fox foraging ecology, particularly in agricultural areas during winter, is critical to determine their role in transmitting Hendra virus to horses and humans. We developed a spatiotemporal model of flying-fox foraging intensity based on foraging patterns of 37 grey-headed flying-foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus) using GPS tracking devices and boosted regression trees. We validated the model with independent population counts and summarized temporal patterns in terms of spatial resource concentration. We found that spatial resource concentration was highest in late-summer and lowest in winter, with lowest values in winter 2011, the same year an unprecedented cluster of spillover events occurred in Queensland and New South Wales. Spatial resource concentration was positively correlated with El Niño Southern Oscillation at 3–8 month time lags. Based on shared foraging traits with the primary reservoir of Hendra virus (Pteropus alecto), we used our results to develop hypotheses on how regional climatic history, eucalypt phenology, and foraging behaviour may contribute to the predominance of winter spillovers, and how these phenomena connote foraging habitat conservation as a public health intervention.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofchapter9555en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto18en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalScientific Reportsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume8en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060199en_US
dc.titleEnvironmental drivers of spatiotemporal foraging intensity in fruit bats and implications for Hendra virus ecologyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.description.versionPublisheden_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, School of Environment and Scienceen_US
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2018. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.en_US
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