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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Jinen_US
dc.contributor.authorQu, Xiaoboen_US
dc.contributor.authorWang, Shuaianen_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-08T01:31:14Z
dc.date.available2019-06-08T01:31:14Z
dc.date.issued2018en_US
dc.identifier.issn0965-8564en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.tra.2018.03.006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/381648
dc.description.abstractSpeed – density relationship, which is usually referred to as the traffic flow fundamental diagram, has been considered as the foundation of the traffic flow theory and transportation engineering. Speed - density relationship is the foundation of the traffic flow theory and transportation engineering, as it represents the mathematical relationship among the three fundamental parameters of traffic flow. It was long believed that single regime models could not well represent all traffic states ranging from free flow conditions to jam conditions until Qu et al. (2015) pointed out that the inaccuracy was not caused solely by their functional forms, but also by sample selection bias. They then applied a new calibration method (named as Qu-Wang-Zhang model hereafter) to address the sample selection bias. With this Qu-Wang-Zhang model, the result calibrated from observational data sample can consistently well represent all traffic states ranging from free flow conditions to traffic jam conditions. In the current paper, we use a fundamentally different approach that is able to yield very similar and consistent results with the Qu-WangZhang model. The proposed approach firstly applies reproducible sample generation to convert the observational data to experimental data. The traditional least square method (LSM) can subsequently be applied to calibrate accurate traffic flow fundamental diagrams. Two reproducible sample generation approaches are proposed in this research. Based on our analyses, the first approach is somewhat affected by outliers and the second approach is more robust in dealing with potential outliers.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom41en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto52en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practiceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume111en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchUrban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchUrban and Regional Planningen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTransportation and Freight Servicesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode120599en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1205en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1507en_US
dc.titleReproducible generation of experimental data sample for calibrating traffic flow fundamental diagramen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, School of Engineering and Built Environmenten_US
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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