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dc.contributor.authorHamilton, Kyra
dc.contributor.authorKeech, Jacob J
dc.contributor.authorPeden, Amy E
dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin S
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-29T12:41:53Z
dc.date.available2019-05-29T12:41:53Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn0959-5236
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/dar.12817
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/382200
dc.description.abstractIssues: Drowning is a global public health issue, and there is a strong association between alcohol and risk of drowning. No previous systematic review known to date has identified factors associated with alcohol use and engagement in aquatic activities resulting in injury or drowning (fatal and non‐fatal). Approach: Literature published from inception until 31 January 2017 was reviewed. Included articles were divided into three categories: (i) prevalence and/or risk factors for alcohol‐related fatal and non‐fatal drowning and aquatic injury, (ii) understanding alcohol use and aquatic activities, and (iii) prevention strategies. Methodological quality of studies was assessed using National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Level of Evidence and risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle‐Ottawa Quality Assessment Scales. Key Findings: In total, 74 studies were included (57 on prevalence and/or risk factors, 15 on understanding alcohol use, and two on prevention strategies). Prevalence rates for alcohol involvement in fatal and non‐fatal drowning varied greatly. Males, boating, not wearing lifejackets, and swimming alone (at night, and at locations without lifeguards) were risk factors for alcohol‐related drowning. No specific age groups were consistently identified as being at risk. Study quality was consistently low, and risk of bias was consistently high across studies. Only two studies evaluated prevention strategies. Implications: There is a need for higher quality studies and behavioural basic and applied research to better understand and change this risky behaviour. Conclusion: On average, 49.46% and 34.87% of fatal and non‐fatal drownings, respectively, involved alcohol, with large variations among studies observed.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom752
dc.relation.ispartofpageto773
dc.relation.ispartofissue6
dc.relation.ispartofjournalDrug and Alcohol Review
dc.relation.ispartofvolume37
dc.subject.fieldofresearchSociology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchStudies in Human Society
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160899
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode16
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode17
dc.titleAlcohol use, aquatic injury, and unintentional drowning: A systematic literature review
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dc.description.versionPost-print
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Applied Psychology
gro.rights.copyright© 2018 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Alcohol use, aquatic injury, and unintentional drowning: A systematic literature review, Drug and Alcohol Review, Publication cover image Volume37, Issue6, 2018. which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12817. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html)
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorHamilton, Kyra
gro.griffith.authorKeech, Jacob J.
gro.griffith.authorHagger, Martin S.


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