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dc.contributor.authorBates, LJ
dc.contributor.authorFiltness, A
dc.contributor.authorWatson, B
dc.contributor.editorDominique Lord, Simon Washington
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-08T04:48:13Z
dc.date.available2020-12-08T04:48:13Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.isbn9781786352248
dc.identifier.doi10.1108/S2044-994120180000011002
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/382294
dc.description.abstractPurpose – Driver education and licensing are two mechanisms used to reduce crash rates. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of these countermeasures and consider how simulators can be used to augment more traditional approaches. Approach – A literature review was undertaken evaluating key concepts in driver licensing including graduated driver licensing (GDL), the role of parents in licensing, compliance and enforcement, driver testing and how the driver licensing system impacts on levels of unlicensed driving. Literature regarding driver education for individuals who have and not yet obtained a licence was also reviewed. Findings – GDL is a successful countermeasure for reducing the crash rates of young novice drivers as it limits their exposure to higher risk situations. The support for driver education initiatives is mixed. As there are big differences between education programs, there is a need to consider each program on its own merits. Driving simulators provide a safe environment for novices to gain experience. In particular, they may be bifacial for development of hazard perception and visual scanning skills. Practical Implications – GDL systems should be introduced where appropriate. Existing systems should be strengthened where possible by including additional, best-practice and restrictions. When considering driver education as a countermeasure, the type of program is very important. Education programs that have been shown to increase crashes should not be introduced. Further research and development are necessary to ensure that driver education and licensing adequately equip novice drivers with the skills necessary to drive in the 21st century.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherEmerald Publishing Limited
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofbooktitleSafe Mobility: Challenges, Methodology and Solutions
dc.relation.ispartofchapter2
dc.relation.ispartofchapternumbers20
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom13
dc.relation.ispartofpageto36
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Policy
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160299
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160510
dc.titleDriver Education and Licensing Programs
dc.typeBook chapter
dc.type.descriptionB1 - Chapters
dc.type.codeB - Book Chapters
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscript (AM)
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice
gro.rights.copyright© 2018 Emerald. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. It is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the publisher’s website for further information.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorBates, Lyndel J.


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