First Principle Study of Hydrogenation of MgB2: An Important Step Toward Reversible Hydrogen Storage in the Coupled LiBH4/MgH2 System
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Recent experiments [F E. Pinkerton, M. S. Meyer, G. R Meisner, M. P. Balogh, and J. J. Vajo, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 12881 (2007) and J. J. Vajo and G. L. Olson, Scripta Mater, 56, 829 (2007)] demonstrated that the recycling of hydrogen in the coupled LiBH4/MgH2 system is fully reversible. The rehydrogenation of MgB2 is an important step toward the reversibility. By using ab initio density functional theory calculations, we found that the activation barrier for the dissociation of H-2 are 0.49 and 0.58 eV for the B and Mg-terminated MgB2(0001) surface, respectively. This implies that the dissociation kinetics of H-2 on a MgB2(0001) surface should be greatly improved compared to that in pure Mg materials. Additionally, the diffusion of dissociated H atom on the Mg-terminated MgB2(0001) surface is almost barrier-less. Our results shed light on the experimentally-observed reversibility and improved kinetics for the coupled LiBH4/MgH2 system.
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Solid State Chemistry
Physical Chemistry of Materials