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dc.contributor.authorRichmond, Erinn K
dc.contributor.authorRosi, Emma J
dc.contributor.authorWalters, David M
dc.contributor.authorFick, Jerker
dc.contributor.authorHamilton, Stephen K
dc.contributor.authorBrodin, Tomas
dc.contributor.authorSundelin, Anna
dc.contributor.authorGrace, Michael R
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-05T12:31:27Z
dc.date.available2019-07-05T12:31:27Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41467-018-06822-w
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/383305
dc.description.abstractA multitude of biologically active pharmaceuticals contaminate surface waters globally, yet their presence in aquatic food webs remain largely unknown. Here, we show that over 60 pharmaceutical compounds can be detected in aquatic invertebrates and riparian spiders in six streams near Melbourne, Australia. Similar concentrations in aquatic invertebrate larvae and riparian predators suggest direct trophic transfer via emerging adult insects to riparian predators that consume them. As representative vertebrate predators feeding on aquatic invertebrates, platypus and brown trout could consume some drug classes such as antidepressants at as much as one-half of a recommended therapeutic dose for humans based on their estimated prey consumption rates, yet the consequences for fish and wildlife of this chronic exposure are unknown. Overall, this work highlights the potential exposure of aquatic and riparian biota to a diverse array of pharmaceuticals, resulting in exposures to some drugs that are comparable to human dosages.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
dc.relation.ispartofjournalNATURE COMMUNICATIONS
dc.relation.ispartofvolume9
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0602
dc.titleA diverse suite of pharmaceuticals contaminates stream and riparian food webs
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.description.versionPublished
gro.rights.copyrightThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorHamilton, Stephen K.


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