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dc.contributor.authorBattaglioli, EJ
dc.contributor.authorGoh, KGK
dc.contributor.authorAtruktsang, TS
dc.contributor.authorSchwartz, K
dc.contributor.authorSchembri, MA
dc.contributor.authorWelch, RA
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-18T05:40:54Z
dc.date.available2019-06-18T05:40:54Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn2150-7511
dc.identifier.doi10.1128/mBio.01360-18
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/383451
dc.description.abstractUropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is the most common etiologic agent of uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI). An important mechanism of gene regulation in UPEC is phase variation that involves inversion of a promoter-containing DNA element via enzymatic activity of tyrosine recombinases, resulting in biphasic, ON or OFF expression of target genes. The UPEC reference strain CFT073 has five tyrosine site-specific recombinases that function at two previously characterized promoter inversion systems, fimS and hyxS. Three of the five recombinases are located proximally to their cognate target elements, which is typical of promoter inversion systems. The genes for the other two recombinases, IpuA and IpuB, are located distal from these sites. Here, we identified and characterized a third phase-variable invertible element in CFT073, ipuS, located proximal to ipuA and ipuB. The inversion of ipuS is catalyzed by four of the five CFT073 recombinases. Orientation of the element drives transcription of a two-gene operon containing ipuR, a predicted LuxR-type regulator, and upaE, a predicted autotransporter. We show that the predicted autotransporter UpaE is surface located and facilitates biofilm formation as well as adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins in a K-12 recombinant background. Consistent with this phenotype, the ipuS ON condition in CFT073 results in defective swimming motility, increased adherence to human kidney epithelial cells, and a positive competitive kidney colonization advantage in experimental mouse UTIs. Overall, the identification of a third phase switch in UPEC that is regulated by a shared set of recombinases describes a complex phase-variable virulence network in UPEC.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MICROBIOLOGY
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalMBIO
dc.relation.ispartofvolume9
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMicrobiology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0605
dc.titleIdentification and Characterization of a Phase-Variable Element That Regulates the Autotransporter UpaE in Uropathogenic Escherichia coli
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2018 Battaglioli et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Address correspondence to R. A. Welch, rawelch@wisc.edu. This article is a direct contribution from a Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology. Solicited external reviewers: Harry Mobley, University of Michigan; Matthew Mulvey, University of Utah School of Medicine.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorGoh, Kelvin G.


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