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dc.contributor.authorIdris, A
dc.contributor.authorGhazali, NB
dc.contributor.authorSaid, NM
dc.contributor.authorSteele, M
dc.contributor.authorKoh, D
dc.contributor.authorTuah, NA
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-06T12:31:06Z
dc.date.available2019-07-06T12:31:06Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn0334-0139
dc.identifier.doi10.1515/ijamh-2015-0125
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/385859
dc.description.abstractEarly smoking is considered an indicator for risky behaviour in adolescents. Although social indicators predicting adolescent smoking are known, biological indicators have not been defined. This study aimed to establish whether salivary testosterone could be used as a "predictive biomarker" for smoking-associated peer pressure. Saliva samples were collected from Bruneian adolescents (aged 13-17 years) by the passive drool method. Salivary testosterone concentration was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Salivary testosterone concentration and smoking-associated peer pressure indicators were compared between adolescent males and females and statistical significance was determined by an independent samples t-test. A significant positive relationship between smoking-associated peer pressure and salivary testosterone levels in adolescents was found. However, this relationship was not significant when males and females were considered separately. Our data suggest that students who have tried cigarette smoking and have friends who are cigarette smokers have higher salivary testosterone levels.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherDE GRUYTER
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
dc.relation.ispartofvolume30
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701
dc.titleSalivary testosterone as a potential indicator for risky behaviour associated with smoking-related peer pressure in adolescents
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2018 Walter de Gruyter & Co. KG Publishers. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorIdris, Adi
gro.griffith.authorKoh, David


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