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dc.contributor.authorBuckley, Ralf
dc.contributor.authorShekari, Fatemeh
dc.contributor.authorMohammadi, Zohre
dc.contributor.authorAzizi, Fatemeh
dc.contributor.authorZiaee, Mahmood
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-26T23:43:34Z
dc.date.available2019-08-26T23:43:34Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn0047-2875
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0047287519853048
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/386344
dc.description.abstractWe show that tourism to a World Heritage Area generates economic opportunities in nearby rural communities, sufficient to reverse migration to the city. To carry out this test, we used an isolated region with a simple economic structure and a newly declared WHA, and analyzed economic constraints, opportunities, and decision processes at the micro scale of individual households, through qualitative analysis of interviews and on-site audits. Tourism triggered a switch from accelerating decline of rural villages, with closing schools and abandoned buildings and farmland, to accelerating recovery and reinvigoration, with new ecolodges and adventure tours employing household members and other local residents. The switch was assisted by low-interest ecotourism loans. It has also generated new economic opportunities for women specifically, and these have created much greater social freedom and self-determination, now also accepted by men.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSage
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto14
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Travel Research
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCommercial Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMarketing
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTourism
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1504
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1505
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1506
dc.titleWorld Heritage Tourism Triggers Urban–Rural Reverse Migration and Social Change
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscript (AM)
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered into Griffith Research Online as an Advanced Online Version.
gro.rights.copyrightBuckley, et al., World Heritage Tourism Triggers Urban–Rural Reverse Migration and Social Change, Journal of Travel Research. Copyright 2019 The Authors. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorBuckley, Ralf


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