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dc.contributor.authorBalinas, Cassandra
dc.contributor.authorCabanas, Helene
dc.contributor.authorStaines, Donald
dc.contributor.authorMarshall-Gradisnik, Sonya
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-06T02:50:25Z
dc.date.available2019-09-06T02:50:25Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn1471-2172
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12865-019-0293-0
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/386993
dc.description.abstractBackground: Natural Killer (NK) cells are effector lymphocytes of the innate immune system and are subclassed into CD56BrightCD16Dim/− and CD56DimCD16+ NK cells. Intracellular calcium (Ca2+) is fundamental to regulate a number of intracellular signalling pathways and functions in NK cells, which are essential in mediating their natural cytotoxic function. Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a Ca2+-permeable non-selective cation channel that possesses a critical role in calcium-dependent cell signalling to maintain cellular homeostasis. TRPM2 and CD38 protein surface expression has yet to be determined on NK cells using flow cytometry. Characterisation of TRPM2 has been previously identified by in vivo models, primarily using methods such as genetic remodification, immunohistochemistry and whole cell electrophysiology. The aim of this study was to develop an in vitro methodology to characterise TRPM2 and CD38 surface expression on NK cell subsets using an antibody that has not been previously applied using flow cytometry. Results: At 2 h/1 h, TRPM2 (Fig. 2 A, B, p < 0.05) and TRPM2/CD38 (Fig. 3A, B, p < 0.05) surface expression significantly increased between 1:300 and 1:50 at 2 h/1 h. TRPM2/CD38 surface expression furthermore increased between 1:100 and 1:50 at 2 h/1 h (Fig. 3A, p < 0.05). Interestingly, TRPM2/CD38 surface expression significantly decreased from 1:50 to 1:5 on CD56BrightCD16Dim/− NK cells. These consistent findings highlight that 1:50 is the optimal antibody dilution and threshold to measure TRPM2 and TRPM2/CD38 surface expression on NK subsets. 2 h/1 h was determined as the optimal incubation period to ensure a sufficient timeframe for maximal antibody binding and surface expression. Conclusion: For the first time, we describe an in vitro methodology to characterise TRPM2 and CD38 surface expression on NK cells in healthy participants. Finally, using an antibody that has not been previously applied in flow cytometry, we determined an antibody concentration and incubation time that is robust, rapid and sensitive for the application of flow cytometry.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom14
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBMC Immunology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume20
dc.subject.fieldofresearchImmunology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1107
dc.subject.keywordsAntibody
dc.subject.keywordsFlow cytometry
dc.subject.keywordsNatural killer cells
dc.subject.keywordsTransient receptor potential Melastatin 2
dc.titleIdentification and characterisation of transient receptor potential melastatin 2 and CD38 channels on natural killer cells using the novel application of flow cytometry
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationBalinas, C; Cabanas, H; Staines, D; Marshall-Gradisnik, S, Identification and characterisation of transient receptor potential melastatin 2 and CD38 channels on natural killer cells using the novel application of flow cytometry, BMC Immunology, 2019, 20 (1), pp. 14-
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-04-08
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.date.updated2019-09-06T02:46:54Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorMarshall-Gradisnik, Sonya M.
gro.griffith.authorBalinas, Cassandra Z.
gro.griffith.authorCabanas, Helene
gro.griffith.authorStaines, Donald R.


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