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dc.contributor.authorCornwall, CE
dc.contributor.authorDiaz-Pulido, G
dc.contributor.authorComeau, S
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-09T00:44:08Z
dc.date.available2019-09-09T00:44:08Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2019.00186en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/387040
dc.description.abstractCoralline algae are foundation species in many hard-bottom ecosystems acting as a settlement substrate, and binding together and even creating reefs in some locations. Ocean acidification is known to be a major threat to coralline algae. However, the effects of ocean warming are less certain. Here we bring multiple lines of evidence together to discuss the potential impacts of ocean warming on these ecologically crucial taxa. We use a meta-analysis of 40 responses within 14 different studies available which assessed the effects of increasing temperature on coralline algal calcification in laboratory experiments. We find a net negative impact of increasing temperature on coralline algal calcification at 5.2°C above ambient conditions. Conversely, negative effects are observed when temperature drops below 2.0°C from ambient conditions. We propose that some coralline algae will be more capable of both acclimatizing and locally adapting to increasing ocean temperatures over the coming decades. This is because many species possess short generation times, the ability to opportunistically rapidly utilize open space, and relatively high phenotypic plasticity. However, less resistant and resilient species will be those that are long-lived, those with long generation times, or with narrow thermal tolerances (e.g., tropical taxa living close to their thermal maxima). Additionally, ocean warming will occur simultaneously with ocean acidification, a potentially greater threat to coralline algae, which could also reduce any tolerance to ocean warming for many species. To maximize the potential to accurately determine how coralline algae will respond to future ocean warming and marine heatwaves, future research should use environmentally relevant temperature treatments, use appropriate acclimation times and follow best practices in experimental design.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofissueMayen_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalFrontiers in Marine Scienceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume6en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchOceanographyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0405en_US
dc.titleImpacts of ocean warming on coralline algal calcification: Meta-analysis, knowledge gaps, and key recommendations for future researchen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationCornwall, CE; Diaz-Pulido, G; Comeau, S, Impacts of ocean warming on coralline algal calcification: Meta-analysis, knowledge gaps, and key recommendations for future research, Frontiers in Marine Science, 2019, 6 (May)en_US
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.date.updated2019-09-09T00:39:02Z
dc.description.versionPublisheden_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2019 Cornwall, Diaz-Pulido and Comeau. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_US
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gro.griffith.authorDiaz-Pulido, Guillermo


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