Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorTorquati, Luciana
dc.contributor.authorMielke, Gregore I
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Wendy J
dc.contributor.authorBurton, Nicola W
dc.contributor.authorKolbe-Alexander, Tracy L
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-09T00:13:49Z
dc.date.available2019-10-09T00:13:49Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn0090-0036
dc.identifier.doi10.2105/AJPH.2019.305278
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/388143
dc.description.abstractBackground. Shift work is characterized by employees working outside the standard hours of 7:00 am to 6:00 pm. Because shift work includes night work, the normal sleep-wake cycle (circadian rhythm) is disrupted, with potential consequences for shift workers' physical and mental health.Objectives. To assess the pooled effects of shift work on mental health and to evaluate whether these differ in men and women.Search Methods. We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases for peer-reviewed or government reports published up to August 2018Selection Criteria. To be included, studies had to be longitudinal or case-control studies of shift work exposure associated with adverse mental health outcomes. For subanalyses, we grouped these outcomes as anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, or general poor mental health symptoms.Data Collection and Analysis. We followed the Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Group guidelines. We extracted adjusted risk estimates for each study to calculate pooled effect sizes (ESs) using random effect models and metaregression analysis to explore sources of heterogeneity.Main Results. We included 7 longitudinal studies, with 28 431 unique participants. Shift work was associated with increased overall risk of adverse mental health outcomes combined (ES = 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.02, 1.62; I2 = 70.6%) and specifically for depressive symptoms (ES = 1.33; 95% CI = 1.02, 1.74; I2 = 31.5%). Gender differences explained more than 90% of heterogeneity, with female shift workers more likely to experience depressive symptoms than female non-shift workers (odds ratio = 1.73; 95% CI = 1.39, 2.14).Authors' Conclusions. To our knowledge, this is the first meta-analysis to investigate the pooled effects of shift work on the risk of poor mental health, including subanalyses by type of poor mental health and gender. Shift workers, particularly women, are at increased risk for poor mental health, particularly depressive symptoms.Public Health Implications. Depression accounts for 4.3% of the global burden of disease and incidence, with mental disorders worldwide predicted to cost US $16.3 million by 2030. With 1 in 5 people in the United States and Europe doing shift work, and the increased risk of poor mental health among shift workers, shift work industries are a priority context for reducing this burden. Workplace health promotion programs and policies are needed to minimize shift workers' risk of poor mental health. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 19, 2019: e1-e8. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305278).
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAmerican Public Health Association
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrome13
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoe20
dc.relation.ispartofissue11
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
dc.relation.ispartofvolume109
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiomedical and clinical sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCognitive and computational psychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode32
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode52
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode5204
dc.titleShift Work and Poor Mental Health: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationTorquati, L; Mielke, GI; Brown, WJ; Burton, NW; Kolbe-Alexander, TL, Shift Work and Poor Mental Health: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies, American Journal of Public Health, 2019, 109 (11), pp. e13-e20
dc.date.updated2019-10-08T23:09:39Z
gro.rights.copyrightSelf-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this journal. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the authors for more information.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorBurton, Nicola W.


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record