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dc.contributor.authorZhou, R
dc.contributor.authorZhou, R
dc.contributor.authorXian, Y
dc.contributor.authorFang, Z
dc.contributor.authorLu, X
dc.contributor.authorBazaka, K
dc.contributor.authorBogaerts, A
dc.contributor.authorOstrikov, K
dc.description.abstractSelective conversion of bio-renewable ethanol under mild conditions especially at room temperature remains a major challenge for sustainable production of hydrogen and valuable carbon-based materials. In this study, adaptive non-thermal plasma is applied to deliver pulsed energy to rapidly and selectively reform ethanol in the absence of a catalyst. Importantly, the carbon atoms in ethanol that would otherwise be released into the environment in the form of CO or CO2 are effectively captured in the form of carbon dots (CDs). Three modes of non-thermal spark plasma discharges, i.e. single spark mode (SSM), multiple spark mode (MSM) and gliding spark mode (GSM), provide additional flexibility in ethanol reforming by controlling the processes of energy transfer and distribution, thereby affecting the flow rate, gas content, and energy consumption in H2 production. A favourable combination of low temperature (<40 °C), attractive conversion rate (gas flow rate of ~120 mL/min), high hydrogen yield (H2 content >90%), low energy consumption (~0.96 kWh/m3 H2) and the effective generation of photoluminescent CDs (which are applicable for bioimaging or biolabelling) in the MSM indicate that the proposed strategy may offer a new carbon-negative avenue for comprehensive utilization of alcohols and mitigating the increasingly severe energy and environmental issues.
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom122745: 1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto122745: 9
dc.relation.ispartofjournalChemical Engineering Journal
dc.subject.fieldofresearchChemical Engineering
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCivil Engineering
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Engineering
dc.titlePlasma-enabled catalyst-free conversion of ethanol to hydrogen gas and carbon dots near room temperature
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationZhou, R; Zhou, R; Xian, Y; Fang, Z; Lu, X; Bazaka, K; Bogaerts, A; Ostrikov, K, Plasma-enabled catalyst-free conversion of ethanol to hydrogen gas and carbon dots near room temperature, Chemical Engineering Journal, 2020, 382, pp. 122745: 1-122745: 9
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorOstrikov, Kostya (Ken)

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