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dc.contributor.authorNg, Wai Khuan
dc.contributor.authorShaban, Ramon Z
dc.contributor.authorvan de Mortel, Thea
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Behavioural theories are crucial to the development and success of effective hand hygiene interventions. Research demonstrates that hand hygiene behaviours can also be influenced by religious and cultural beliefs. In this paper we detail the processes undertaken to develop a valid and reliable questionnaire to examine healthcare workers' beliefs and behaviours related to the use of alcoholbased hand rub (ABHR), with particular emphasis on associated religious and cultural factors. METHODS: Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour, an existing questionnaire was modified and pilot-tested on 35 staff in the Quality Department. Cronbach's alpha values and mean inter-item correlations of the scale items were the main outcome measures. A Pearson correlation was conducted to assess for social desirability response bias. RESULTS: The questionnaire demonstrated high content and face validity and satisfactory internal consistency in most scales, except for the religious beliefs, cultural beliefs and perceived behavioural control scales, where the inter-item correlations were 0.10, 0.13, and 0.14, respectively. There was a significant correlation between scores on the social desirability scale and the attitude scale. Partial correlation should be used to control the effect of social desirability responding when analysing data from the attitudes scale. CONCLUSIONS: A validation process allowed the introduction and subsequent modification of religious and cultural belief scales to an existing questionnaire examining behavioural and attitudinal influences on hand hygiene using ABHR. Such processes should be considered for questionnaire development and modification when considering religious and cultural factors as drivers of behaviour.
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInfection, Disease and Health
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical Microbiology
dc.subject.keywordsAlcohol-based hand rub
dc.subject.keywordsHand hygiene
dc.titleHand hygiene beliefs and behaviours about alcohol-based hand rub use: Questionnaire development, piloting and validation
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationNg, WK; Shaban, RZ; van de Mortel, T, Hand hygiene beliefs and behaviours about alcohol-based hand rub use: Questionnaire development, piloting and validation., Infection, Disease and Health, 2019
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered into Griffith Research Online as an Advanced Online Version
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorShaban, Ramon Z.
gro.griffith.authorvan de Mortel, Thea F.

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