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dc.contributor.authorCarrasco-Pozo, Catalina
dc.contributor.authorLuisa Mizgier, Maria
dc.contributor.authorSpeisky, Hernan
dc.contributor.authorGotteland, Martin
dc.description.abstractThe beneficial effects of dietary polyphenols on health are due not only to their antioxidant properties but also to their antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and/or anti-tumoral activities. It has recently been proposed that protection of mitochondrial function (which is altered in several diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, obesity and diabetes) by these compounds, may be important in explaining the beneficial effects of polyphenols on health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of dietary polyphenols quercetin, rutin, resveratrol and epigallocatechin gallate against the alterations of mitochondrial function induced by indomethacin (INDO) in intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells, and to address the mechanism involved in such damaging effect by INDO, which generates oxidative stress. INDO concentration dependently decreases cellular ATP levels and mitochondrial membrane potential in Caco-2 cells after 20 min of incubation. INDO also inhibits the activity of mitochondrial complex I and causes accumulation of NADH; leading to overproduction of mitochondrial O 2•-, since it is prevented by pyruvate. Quercetin (0.01 mg/ml), resveratrol (0.1 mg/ml) and rutin (1 mg/ml) protected Caco-2 cells against INDO-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, while no protection was observed with epigallocatechin gallate. Quercetin was the most efficient in protecting against mitochondrial dysfunction; this could be due to its ability to enter cells and accumulate in mitochondria. Additionally its structural similarity with rotenone could favor its binding to the ubiquinone site of complex I, protecting it from inhibitors such as INDO or rotenone. These findings suggest a possible new protective role for dietary polyphenols for mitochondria, complementary of their antioxidant property. This new role might expand the preventive and/or therapeutic use of PPs in conditions involving mitochondrial dysfunction and associated with increased oxidative stress at the cellular or tissue levels. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.relation.ispartofjournalChemico-Biological Interactions
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiochemistry and cell biology
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsBiochemistry & Molecular Biology
dc.subject.keywordsPharmacology & Pharmacy
dc.titleDifferential protective effects of quercetin, resveratrol, rutin and epigallocatechin gallate against mitochondrial dysfunction induced by indomethacin in Caco-2 cells
dc.typeJournal article
dcterms.bibliographicCitationCarrasco-Pozo, C; Luisa Mizgier, M; Speisky, H; Gotteland, M, Differential protective effects of quercetin, resveratrol, rutin and epigallocatechin gallate against mitochondrial dysfunction induced by indomethacin in Caco-2 cells, Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2012, 195 (3), pp. 199-205
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorCarrasco Pozo, Catalina A.

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