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dc.contributor.authorLiu, Lu-Lu
dc.contributor.authorWang, Ya
dc.contributor.authorCui, Ji-Fang
dc.contributor.authorLi, Ying
dc.contributor.authorYang, Tian-Xiao
dc.contributor.authorChen, Tao
dc.contributor.authorNeumann, David L
dc.contributor.authorShum, David Hk
dc.contributor.authorChan, Raymond Ck
dc.description.abstractPatients with schizophrenia (SCZ) consistently show prospective memory (PM) impairments, and the technique of implementation intentions has been shown to improve PM performance in these patients. PM is considered to have prospective and retrospective components. However, it remains unclear which component of PM is impaired in patients with SCZ and which component(s) is facilitated by implementation intentions (II). The present study aimed to examine these two issues. Forty-two patients with SCZ and 42 matched healthy controls were randomly assigned to an II group or a typical instruction group. All participants were administered a color-matching PM task. Results showed that, using a multinomial-modeling approach, patients with SCZ exhibited impairment in the retrospective component of PM. In addition, while II improved the prospective PM component in healthy controls, both prospective and retrospective PM components in patients with SCZ were improved. Together, our results shed light on the mechanism of PM impairment in SCZ patients and the mechanism of II in improving PM performance.
dc.relation.ispartofjournalSchizophrenia Research
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsImplementation intentions
dc.subject.keywordsMultinomial modeling
dc.subject.keywordsPreparatory attentional and memory process theory
dc.subject.keywordsProspective memory
dc.titleThe effect of implementation intentions on prospective memory performance in patients with schizophrenia: A multinomial modeling approach.
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationLiu, L-L; Wang, Y; Cui, J-F; Li, Y; Yang, T-X; Chen, T; Neumann, DL; Shum, DH; Chan, RC, The effect of implementation intentions on prospective memory performance in patients with schizophrenia: A multinomial modeling approach., Schizophrenia Research, 2019
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered into Griffith Research Online as an Advanced Online Version
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorShum, David
gro.griffith.authorNeumann, David L.

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