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dc.contributor.authorCastelli Dransart, Dolores Angela
dc.contributor.authorLapierre, Sylvie
dc.contributor.authorErlangsen, Annette
dc.contributor.authorCanetto, Silvia Sara
dc.contributor.authorHeisel, Marnin
dc.contributor.authorDraper, Brian
dc.contributor.authorLindner, Reinhard
dc.contributor.authorRichard-Devantoy, Stephane
dc.contributor.authorCheung, Gary
dc.contributor.authorScocco, Paolo
dc.contributor.authorGusmão, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorDe Leo, Diego
dc.contributor.authorInoue, Ken
dc.contributor.authorDe Techterman, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorFiske, Amy
dc.contributor.authorHong, Jin Pyo
dc.contributor.authorLandry, Marjolaine
dc.contributor.authorLepage, Andrée-Anne
dc.contributor.authorMarcoux, Isabelle
dc.contributor.authorNa, Peter Jongho
dc.contributor.authorNeufeld, Eva
dc.contributor.authorUmmel, Deborah
dc.contributor.authorWinslov, Jan-Henrik
dc.contributor.authorWong, Christine
dc.contributor.authorWu, Jing
dc.contributor.authorWyart, Marilyn
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-20T02:57:15Z
dc.date.available2019-12-20T02:57:15Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn1360-7863
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/13607863.2019.1697201
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/389909
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Prevalence rates of death by euthanasia (EUT) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) have increased among older adults, and public debates on these practices are still taking place. In this context, it seemed important to conduct a systematic review of the predictors (demographic, physical health, psychological, social, quality of life, religious, or existential) associated with attitudes toward, wishes and requests for, as well as death by EUT/PAS among individuals aged 60 years and over. Method: The search for quantitative studies in PsycINFO and MEDLINE databases was conducted three times from February 2016 until April 2018. Articles of probable relevance (n = 327) were assessed for eligibility. Studies that only presented descriptive data (n = 306) were excluded. Results: This review identified 21 studies with predictive analyses, but in only 4 did older adults face actual end-of-life decisions. Most studies (17) investigated attitudes toward EUT/PAS (9 through hypothetical scenarios). Younger age, lower religiosity, higher education, and higher socio-economic status were the most consistent predictors of endorsement of EUT/PAS. Findings were heterogeneous with regard to physical health, psychological, and social factors. Findings were difficult to compare across studies because of the variety of sample characteristics and outcomes measures. Conclusion: Future studies should adopt common and explicit definitions of EUT/PAS, as well as research designs (e.g. mixed longitudinal) that allow for better consideration of personal, social, and cultural factors, and their interplay, on EUT/PAS decisions.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherInforma UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto11
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAging Ment Health
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchStudies in Human Society
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology and Cognitive Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode16
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode17
dc.subject.keywordsAttitudes
dc.subject.keywordsdecisions
dc.subject.keywordseuthanasia
dc.subject.keywordsolder adults
dc.subject.keywordsphysician-assisted suicide
dc.titleA systematic review of older adults' request for or attitude toward euthanasia or assisted-suicide.
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationCastelli Dransart, DA; Lapierre, S; Erlangsen, A; Canetto, SS; Heisel, M; Draper, B; Lindner, R; Richard-Devantoy, S; Cheung, G; Scocco, P; Gusmão, R; De Leo, D; Inoue, K; De Techterman, V; Fiske, A; Hong, JP; Landry, M; Lepage, A-A; Marcoux, I; Na, PJ; Neufeld, E; Ummel, D; Winslov, J-H; Wong, C; Wu, J; Wyart, M, A systematic review of older adults' request for or attitude toward euthanasia or assisted-suicide., Aging Ment Health, 2019, pp. 1-11
dc.date.updated2019-12-19T06:40:47Z
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscript (AM)
gro.rights.copyrightThis is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Aging & Mental Health, 10 December 2019, copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2019.1697201
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorDe Leo, Diego


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