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dc.contributor.authorAlalawi, A
dc.contributor.authorGallina, A
dc.contributor.authorSterling, M
dc.contributor.authorFalla, D
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-17T04:45:18Z
dc.date.available2020-01-17T04:45:18Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033298
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/390589
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Mitigating the transition from acute to chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) is fundamental, and this could be achieved through early identification of individuals at risk. Several physical factors such as angular velocity, smoothness of neck movement and coactivation of neck flexors and extensors, have been observed in patients with WAD, but their predictive ability after a whiplash injury have not been considered in previous reviews. Therefore, the aim of the current protocol is to outline the protocol for a systematic review that synthesises the current evidence of which physical factors can predict ongoing pain and disability following a whiplash trauma. Methods and analysis: Two independent reviewers will search for studies in several electronic databases including MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science as well as grey literature. Observational cohort studies will be considered if they involve participants with acute WAD followed for at least 3 months post-injury. Studies will be required to assess the prognostic ability of one or more physical factors that directly involve a body function and/or structure and can be measured objectively. Further, patient-reported outcomes of physical function will be considered. The primary outcome for this review is Neck Disability Index, while all other validated measures will be considered as secondary outcomes. Risk of bias across individual studies will be assessed using the Quality In Prognostic Studies tool along with the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation method to assess the quality of evidence. A meta-analysis will be conducted depending on homogeneity and the number of available studies. If appropriate, data will be pooled and presented as odds ratios, otherwise, a qualitative synthesis will be conducted. Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval is not required for this systematic review. The result from this review will be published in peer-reviewed journals.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Group Ltd
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrome033298:1
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoe033298:7
dc.relation.ispartofissue11
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBMJ Open
dc.relation.ispartofvolume9
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchOther Medical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1199
dc.subject.keywordsacute whiplash
dc.subject.keywordsphysical factors
dc.subject.keywordsprognosis
dc.subject.keywordssystematic review
dc.titleAre physical factors associated with poor prognosis following a whiplash trauma?: A protocol for a systematic review and data synthesis
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationAlalawi, A; Gallina, A; Sterling, M; Falla, D, Are physical factors associated with poor prognosis following a whiplash trauma?: A protocol for a systematic review and data synthesis, BMJ Open, 2019, 9 (11), pp. e033298-
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.date.updated2020-01-17T04:34:12Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorSterling, Michele


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