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dc.contributor.authorKowalik, Tomasz
dc.contributor.authorKlawe, Jacek J
dc.contributor.authorTafil-Klawe, Malgorzata
dc.contributor.authorSlomko, Witold
dc.contributor.authorSlomko, Joanna
dc.contributor.authorSrokowska, Anna
dc.contributor.authorLewandowski, Andrzej
dc.contributor.authorZalewski, Pawel
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-30T23:51:52Z
dc.date.available2020-01-30T23:51:52Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn2314-6133
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2019/3989304
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/391002
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Professional athlete training is significantly different from recreational physical activity, and sustained, repetitive exposure to over-strenuous and intensive training may result in critical changes of most systems and organs in a sportsman's body. Aim: The assessment of the influence of multiannual strength-endurance training on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and cardiovascular system (CVS) among the rowers of Polish national team. Materials and Methods: 20 rowers, aged 20-30, seniors of Polish national team were qualified into the study. The functional examination of ANS was conducted by means of Task Force® Monitor system. The assessed parameters included hemodynamic parameters, heart rate, and blood pressure variability and reflexes sensitivity of baroreceptors. In order to examine and compare the reaction of autonomic nervous system the subjects underwent a tilt test. Results: In the study group, significantly higher levels of sBP (129.3  ±  12.2 vs 118.3 ± 8.4, p = 0.0030), SI (59.9 ± 8.8 vs 41.2 ± 6.8, p > 0.001), CI (3.2 ± 0.5 vs 2.4 ± 0.4, p > 0.001), and significantly lower levels of HR (54.2 ± 5.3 vs 60.1 ± 5.7, p = 0.0034) and TPRI (2333.3 ± 389.9 vs 2950.2 ± 604.2, p = 0.0012) compared to the control group, were found. After the tilt test the levels of HR (p = 0.0005) and TPRI (p = 0.0128) were significantly higher but SI (p > 0.001) and CI (p = 0.0006) were significantly lower in the study group compared to the control. Conclusions: Multiannual strength-endurance training connected with rowing activities substantially modulates the activity of cardiovascular and autonomic nervous system, influences the volumetric workload of the heart and structural changes, and increases the sensitivity of reflexes of arterial baroreceptors.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherHindawi Publishing
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBioMed Research International
dc.relation.ispartofvolume2019
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchInformation and Computing Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTechnology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode06
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode08
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode10
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsBiotechnology & Applied Microbiology
dc.subject.keywordsMedicine, Research & Experimental
dc.subject.keywordsResearch & Experimental Medicine
dc.titleMultiannual, Intensive Strength-Endurance Training Modulates the Activity of the Cardiovascular and Autonomic Nervous System among Rowers of the International Level
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationKowalik, T; Klawe, JJ; Tafil-Klawe, M; Slomko, W; Slomko, J; Srokowska, A; Lewandowski, A; Zalewski, P, Multiannual, Intensive Strength-Endurance Training Modulates the Activity of the Cardiovascular and Autonomic Nervous System among Rowers of the International Level, BioMed Research International, 2019, 2019
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-07-24
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.date.updated2020-01-30T23:48:34Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© 2019 Tomasz Kowalik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorSlomko, Joanna


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