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dc.contributor.authorSchoville, Benjamin J
dc.contributor.authorBrowne, Kyle S
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Jacob A
dc.contributor.authorWilkins, Jayne
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-17T22:45:48Z
dc.date.available2020-02-17T22:45:48Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0164088en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/391624
dc.description.abstractThe Middle Stone Age (MSA) is associated with early evidence for symbolic material culture and complex technological innovations. However, one of the most visible aspects of MSA technologies are unretouched triangular stone points that appear in the archaeological record as early as 500,000 years ago in Africa and persist throughout the MSA. How these tools were being used and discarded across a changing Pleistocene landscape can provide insight into how MSA populations prioritized technological and foraging decisions. Creating inferential links between experimental and archaeological tool use helps to establish prehistoric tool function, but is complicated by the overlaying of post-depositional damage onto behaviorally worn tools. Taphonomic damage patterning can provide insight into site formation history, but may preclude behavioral interpretations of tool function. Here, multiple experimental processes that form edge damage on unretouched lithic points from taphonomic and behavioral processes are presented. These provide experimental distributions of wear on tool edges from known processes that are then quantitatively compared to the archaeological patterning of stone point edge damage from three MSA lithic assemblages—Kathu Pan 1, Pinnacle Point Cave 13B, and Die Kelders Cave 1. By using a model-fitting approach, the results presented here provide evidence for variable MSA behavioral strategies of stone point utilization on the landscape consistent with armature tips at KP1, and cutting tools at PP13B and DK1, as well as damage contributions from post-depositional sources across assemblages. This study provides a method with which landscape-scale questions of early modern human tool-use and site-use can be addressed.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue10en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPLoS Oneen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume11en_US
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technologyen_US
dc.subject.keywordsMultidisciplinary Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology - Other Topicsen_US
dc.subject.keywordsWESTERN CAPE PROVINCEen_US
dc.subject.keywordsKELDERS CAVE 1en_US
dc.titleNew Experiments and a Model-Driven Approach for Interpreting Middle Stone Age Lithic Point Function Using the Edge Damage Distribution Methoden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationSchoville, BJ; Browne, KS; Harris, JA; Wilkins, J, New Experiments and a Model-Driven Approach for Interpreting Middle Stone Age Lithic Point Function Using the Edge Damage Distribution Method, PLoS One, 2016, 11 (10)en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2016-09-18
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.date.updated2020-02-17T22:43:54Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)en_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2016 Schoville et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en_US
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorWilkins, Jayne R.


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