Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorLu, Yi
dc.contributor.authorSun, Guibo
dc.contributor.authorGou, Zhonghua
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Ye
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiaoling
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-18T04:42:38Z
dc.date.available2020-02-18T04:42:38Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn2214-1405
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jth.2019.100616
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/391654
dc.description.abstractBackground: A lack of physical activity can lead to long-term health problems for youths (aged 5–18) worldwide. Built environment characteristics are increasingly being recognized as important factors affecting transport walking, a reliable source of overall physical activity for youths. However, the relationship between built environment characteristics, especially residential density, and youths’ walking for transport purposes (transport walking) remain largely inconclusive, due to limited variation in built environment variables and an assumption of linear association. Methods: In this study, we explore the dose-response relationship between built environment characteristics and transport walking for youths in Hong Kong, a city with large variations in residential density. Detailed transport walking behaviors, such as the number of trips and walking duration, were extracted from the 2011 Hong Kong Travel Characteristics Survey (N = 13,287; aged 5–18). Neighborhood socioeconomic status, age, gender, household income, and household vehicle ownership were controlled in the generalized additive mixed models (GAMMs) of the built environment-transport walking associations. Results: We found inverted U-shaped associations between population density and both the odds and total minutes of transport walking. Population density within 30,000–60,000 persons/km2 is optimal to promote transport walking for youths. In addition, the number of recreational facilities and retail shops were positively associated with likelihood of engaging in transport walking, and number of bus stops was negatively associated with transport walking. Conclusion: We add new empirical evidence on the significant and non-linear relationship between urban density and transport walking. Although increasing urban density in already densely developed cities may not be an effective intervention strategy to increase transport walking in youths, such strategy may still be effective in other less dense areas.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Transport and Health
dc.relation.ispartofvolume14
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBuilt Environment and Design
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchUrban and Regional Planning
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTransportation and Freight Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode12
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1205
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1507
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology
dc.subject.keywordsLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subject.keywordsTechnology
dc.subject.keywordsPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
dc.subject.keywordsTransportation
dc.titleA dose-response effect between built environment characteristics and transport walking for youths
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationLu, Y; Sun, G; Gou, Z; Liu, Y; Zhang, X, A dose-response effect between built environment characteristics and transport walking for youths, Journal of Transport and Health, 2019, 14
dcterms.licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.date.updated2020-02-18T04:40:04Z
dc.description.versionVersion of Record (VoR)
gro.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2019. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorGou, Zhonghua


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record