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dc.contributor.authorSingh, Gitanjali M
dc.contributor.authorMicha, Renata
dc.contributor.authorKhatibzadeh, Shahab
dc.contributor.authorShi, Peilin
dc.contributor.authorLim, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorAndrews, Kathryn G
dc.contributor.authorEngell, Rebecca E
dc.contributor.authorEzzati, Majid
dc.contributor.authorMozaffarian, Dariush
dc.contributor.authorGlobal Burden of Diseases Nutrition and Chronic Diseases Expert Group (NutriCoDE)
dc.contributor.authorVeerman, Lennert
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-21T00:11:30Z
dc.date.available2020-02-21T00:11:30Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0124845en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/391762
dc.description.abstractBackground: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), fruit juice, and milk are components of diet of major public health interest. To-date, assessment of their global distributions and health impacts has been limited by insufficient comparable and reliable data by country, age, and sex. Objective: To quantify global, regional, and national levels of SSB, fruit juice, and milk intake by age and sex in adults over age 20 in 2010. Methods: We identified, obtained, and assessed data on intakes of these beverages in adults, by age and sex, from 193 nationally- or subnationally-representative diet surveys worldwide, representing over half the world’s population. We also extracted data relevant to milk, fruit juice, and SSB availability for 187 countries from annual food balance information collected by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. We developed a hierarchical Bayesian model to account for measurement incomparability, study representativeness, and sampling and modeling uncertainty, and to combine and harmonize nationally representative dietary survey data and food availability data. Results: In 2010, global average intakes were 0.58 (95%UI: 0.37, 0.89) 8 oz servings/day for SSBs, 0.16 (0.10, 0.26) for fruit juice, and 0.57 (0.39, 0.83) for milk. There was significant heterogeneity in consumption of each beverage by region and age. Intakes of SSB were highest in the Caribbean (1.9 servings/day; 1.2, 3.0); fruit juice consumption was highest in Australia and New Zealand (0.66; 0.35, 1.13); and milk intake was highest in Central Latin America and parts of Europe (1.06; 0.68, 1.59). Intakes of all three beverages were lowest in East Asia and Oceania. Globally and within regions, SSB consumption was highest in younger adults; fruit juice consumption showed little relation with age; and milk intakes were highest in older adults. Conclusions: Our analysis highlights the enormous spectrum of beverage intakes worldwide, by country, age, and sex. These data are valuable for highlighting gaps in dietary surveillance, determining the impacts of these beverages on global health, and targeting dietary policy.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue8en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPLoS Oneen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume10en_US
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technologyen_US
dc.subject.keywordsMultidisciplinary Sciencesen_US
dc.subject.keywordsScience & Technology - Other Topicsen_US
dc.subject.keywordsCHRONIC DISEASEen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSOUTH-KOREAen_US
dc.titleGlobal, Regional, and National Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Fruit Juices, and Milk: A Systematic Assessment of Beverage Intake in 187 Countriesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articlesen_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitationSingh, GM; Micha, R; Khatibzadeh, S; Shi, P; Lim, S; Andrews, KG; Engell, RE; Ezzati, M; Mozaffarian, D, Global, Regional, and National Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Fruit Juices, and Milk: A Systematic Assessment of Beverage Intake in 187 Countries, PLoS One, 2015, 10 (8)en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2015-03-18
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.date.updated2020-02-20T23:50:22Z
dc.description.versionPublisheden_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2015 Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are crediteden_US
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorVeerman, Lennert L.


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