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dc.contributor.authorWheeler, Andrew Palmer
dc.contributor.authorSteenbeek, Wouter
dc.contributor.authorAndresen, Martin A
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-21T05:32:14Z
dc.date.available2020-02-21T05:32:14Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn1361-1682
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/tgis.12341
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/391785
dc.description.abstractAndresen's spatial point pattern test (SPPT) compares two spatial point patterns on defined areal units; it identifies areas where the spatial point patterns diverge and aggregates these local (dis)similarities to one global measure. We discuss the limitations of the SPPT and provide two alternative methods to calculate differences in the point patterns. In the first approach we use differences in proportions tests corrected for multiple comparisons. We show how the size of differences matters, as with large point patterns many areas will be identified by SPPT as statistically different, even if those differences are substantively trivial. The second approach uses multinomial logistic regression, which can be extended to identify differences in proportions over continuous time. We demonstrate these methods by identifying areas where pedestrian stops by the New York City Police Department are different from violent crimes for 2006–2016.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherWiley Blackwell
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom760
dc.relation.ispartofpageto774
dc.relation.ispartofissue3
dc.relation.ispartofjournalTransactions in GIS
dc.relation.ispartofvolume22
dc.subject.fieldofresearchData Format
dc.subject.fieldofresearchGeomatic Engineering
dc.subject.fieldofresearchHuman Geography
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0804
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0909
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1604
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsGeography
dc.subject.keywordsCONFIDENCE-INTERVALS
dc.subject.keywordsCRIME SEASONALITY
dc.subject.keywordsPOLICE
dc.titleTesting for similarity in area-based spatial patterns: Alternative methods to Andresen's spatial point pattern test
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationWheeler, AP; Steenbeek, W; Andresen, MA, Testing for similarity in area-based spatial patterns: Alternative methods to Andresen's spatial point pattern test, Transactions in GIS, 2018, 22 (3), pp. 760-774
dc.date.updated2020-02-21T05:23:31Z
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscript (AM)
gro.rights.copyright© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Testing for similarity in area‐based spatial patterns: Alternative methods to Andresen's spatial point pattern test, Transactions in GIS, 2018, 22 (3), pp. 760-774, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/tgis.12341. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html)
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gro.griffith.authorAndresen, Martin A.


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