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dc.contributor.authorFeng, Huiyun
dc.contributor.authorHe, Kai
dc.description.abstractThis paper provides a new theoretical framework to explain China’s strategic behaviour along with its rise and in doing so engages with the debate on strategic culture between Colin Gray and Alastair Johnston. We suggest that China’s behaviour is shaped by two variables: realpolitik realist threat perceptions on the strategic level and Confucian moralist cultural norms on the ideational level. In the case of a high strategic threat, China’s behaviour will be heavily influenced by the realpolitik variable in Chinese culture and become offensive in nature. Under low strategic threat, China’s policy will follow the Confucian tradition and thereby emphasize the non-use of force and resort to defensive principles. When external threats change from high to low, Chinese behaviour will feature a combination of ‘realpolitik’ and ‘Confucianism’, that is, a self-constrained offensive policy. China’s foreign policy in the South China Sea after the Cold War is a case study that illustrates the utility of this new strategic culture framework.
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCambridge Review of International Affairs
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPolicy and Administration
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPolitical Science
dc.subject.keywordsSocial Sciences
dc.subject.keywordsInternational Relations
dc.subject.keywordsGovernment & Law
dc.titleA dynamic strategic culture model and China's behaviour in the South China Sea
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dcterms.bibliographicCitationFeng, H; He, K, A dynamic strategic culture model and China's behaviour in the South China Sea, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 2019
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorFeng, Huiyun
gro.griffith.authorHe, Kai

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